区别辨析correct、rectify、remedy、revise与amend

这些动词均含“纠正,改正”之意。

correct : 指纠正或改正不正确、不真实或有缺点的东西。

  • Students said it was helpful if the teacher corrected their pronunciation.
    学生们说老师纠正他们的发音错误会对他们很有帮助。
  • I have 30 homework assignments to correct.
    我有30份家庭作业要阅改。

rectify : 正式用词,意义较抽象,侧重指彻底改正偏离子正确标准或规则的东西。

  • I am determined to take whatever action is necessary to rectify the situation.
    我决心采取一切必要的措施来整顿局面。
  • Every effort is made to rectify any errors/mistakes before the book is printed.
    在书付印前会尽力去审校修改书中的错误。

remedy : 正式用词,通常指在局部范围内进行纠正,尤指对困难或棘手问题的解决。

  • This mistake must be remedied immediately.
    这一错误必须立即予以纠正。

revise : 指通过仔细阅读、反复思考后而进行改正、订正或修订,使趋于完善。

  • His helpfulness today has made me revise my original opinion/impression of him.
    他今天所表现出的乐于助人的品质使我改变了对他的最初看法/印象。
  • His publishers made him revise his manuscript three times.
    出版公司让他把手稿修改了3次。

amend : 书面语用词。指进行更正或改变,使之更好,符合更高的要求。

  • MPs were urged to amend the law to prevent another oil tanker disaster.
    下院议员们被敦促修订该法律,以防止油轮泄漏灾难再次发生。
  • In line 20, “men” should be amended (= changed) to “people”.
    第20行中的 men 应改为 people。
  • Until the constitution is amended, the power to appoint ministers will remain with the president.
    在宪法修正之前,总统仍然有权任命部长。

原创文章,作者:归隐,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.l4t.cn/312.html

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